prefecture local government is in the following country

Which of the following allows national governments the right to alter or even abolish local government? commune) or urban municipalities (communes urbaines, sing. Fukui In 1871, all remaining feudal domains (han) were also transformed into prefectures, so that prefectures subdivided the whole country. All these local government units have their own mayors, or chiefs, and assemblies. Hyōgo 3. Which of the following countries does not have a unitary system of government? The central government delegates many functions (such as education and the police force) to the prefectures and municipalities, but retains the overall right to control them. Kagawa The Meiji government originally classified Hokkaido as a "Settlement Envoyship" (開拓使, kaitakushi), and later divided the island into three prefectures (Sapporo, Hakodate, and Nemuro). 47. Independently from these steps, as Tokyo's urban growth again took up pace during the postwar economic miracle and most of the main island part of Tokyo "Metropolis" became increasingly core part of the Tokyo metropolitan area, many of the other municipalities in Tokyo have transferred some of their authority to the Metropolitan government. 29. [kʲoꜜːto] and [ꜜɸɯ] become [kʲoːtoꜜɸɯ]). Existing cross-prefectural fora of cooperation between local governments in the Tokyo metropolitan area are the Kantō regional governors' association (Kantō chihō chijikai)[9][10] and the "Shutoken summit" (formally "conference of chief executives of nine prefectures and cities", 9 to-ken-shi shunō kaigi). Each prefecture and province are subdivided in their turn into districts (cercles, sing. Gifu In modern-day China, the prefecture (地区; pinyin: dìqū) is an administrative division found in the second level of the administrative hierarchy. Hiroshima Japan is a unitary state. 28. In 1954, independent municipal police forces were abolished generally in the whole country, and the prefectural/"Metropolitan" police of Tokyo is again responsible for the whole prefecture/"Metropolis" and like all prefectural police forces controlled by the prefectural/"Metropolitan" public safety commission whose members are appointed by the prefectural/"Metropolitan" governor and assembly.) In 1868, the Meiji Fuhanken sanchisei administration created the first prefectures (urban -fu and rural -ken) to replace the urban and rural administrators (bugyō, daikan, etc.) In Italy a prefettura is the office of prefetto; like in France he is the representative of the Government in each provincia. Iwate Tottori This is the city where the préfet - the appointed government representative - resides. 1990, but was then elected by direct popular vote in a process of decentralization that saw the prefectures become local government units. Ukraine, formerly one of the Soviet republics, had its own local unitof government, yet the Soviet Union was not considered a federalsystem. In English, "prefecture" is used as the translation for todōfuken (都道府県), which are the main subdivisions of Japan. Kyōto Learn more. Miyazaki Prefecture (宮崎県, Miyazaki-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. Shizuoka [6] When the ancient ritsuryō districts were reactivated as administrative units in 1878, Tokyo was subdivided into 15 [urban] districts (-ku) and initially six [rural] districts (-gun; nine after the Tama transfer from Kanagawa in 1893, eight after the merger of East Tama and South Toshima into Toyotama in 1896). Although there were initially over 300 prefectures, many of them being former han territories, this number was reduced to 72 in the latter part of 1871, and 47 in 1888. Osaka and Kyoto Prefectures are referred to as fu (府, pronounced [ɸɯꜜ] when a separate word but [ꜜɸɯ] when part of the full name of a prefecture, e.g. Under a unitary system, the national government would have theright to alter or eliminate. Aichi Prefecture is located almost at the center of Japan. Also, by 1940, there were two more cities in Tokyo: Hachiōji City and Tachikawa City. The infrastructure development is estimated to cost $7 billion. It was below Gun (군, 郡; "county") in the administrative hierarchy. This term was originally used to refer to Japanese regions consisting of several provinces (e.g. This can be a regional or local government subdivision in various countries, or a subdivision in certain international church structures, as well as in antiquity a Roman district. The Legal Status of Local Government 2. The central government has made five National Comprehensive Development Plans since 1962 and promoted many relevant policies. Chiba Prefecture has a population of 6,278,060 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 5,157 km 2 (1,991 sq mi). This doesn't include all the territories of the Empire of Japan such as Manchukuo. Gunma Dohobu (도호부; 都護府) was a higher level administrative division and can be translated into "Protectorate General", "Greater Prefecture", "Metropolitan Prefecture", or "Martial Prefecture" in the modern sense. Mie Imagine that a small coastal country has a flat income tax rate of 20%, and the country's economy generally produces a taxable income of $20 billion. These subprefectures still exist today, although they have much less power than they possessed before and during World War II. After the war, Japan was forced to decentralize Tokyo again, following the general terms of democratization outlined in the Potsdam Declaration. See this Japanese Wikipedia article for all the changes in that period. unitary system. In several waves of territorial consolidation, today's 47 prefectures were formed by the turn of the century. Is that the distinction that’s being made? Miyazaki Prefecture has a population of 1,073,054 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,735 km² (2,986 sq mi).Miyazaki Prefecture borders Ōita Prefecture to the north, Kumamoto Prefecture to the northwest, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the southwest. Each part of the United Kingdom has a distinct system of local government. A canton is a type of administrative division of a country. Though the fiefs have long since been dismantled, merged, and reorganized multiple times, and been granted legislative governance and oversight, the rough translation stuck. [citation needed] In the occupation reforms, special wards, each with their own elected assemblies (kugikai) and mayors (kuchō), were intended to be equal to other municipalities even if some restrictions still applied. The yet unincorporated communities on the Izu (previously part of Shizuoka) and Ogasawara (previously directly Home Ministry-administrated) island groups became also part of Tokyo in the 19th century. This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 00:21. 21. Tōkyō All other cities, towns and villages in Tokyo stayed cities, towns and villages in Tokyo. 20. Each prefecture's chief executive is a directly elected governor (知事, chiji). A joint governmental structure for the whole Tokyo metropolitan area (and not only the western suburbs of the special wardswhich are part of the Tokyo prefecture/Metropolis") as advocated by some politicians such as former Kanagawa governor Shigefumi Matsuzawa[8] has not been established (see also Dōshūsei). When the Japanese adopted the Chinese term as one of the terms for the new political subdivisions of Japan which replaced its old “provinces” following a reorganization of the country’s system of local government, we used an English word prefecture formerly used to express one of the underlying Chinese words (fu, along with to, do, and ken). The following general aspects of local government in Japan are described in this chapter: 1. Following the capitulation of shogunate Edo in 1868, Tōkyō-fu (an urban prefecture like Kyoto and Osaka) was set up and encompassed the former city area of Edo under the Fuhanken sanchisei. Yamanashi Ehime For more details, see List of autonomous areas by country. (For a full account of local government in each part of the United Kingdom, see the discussions of local government in the articles on England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. From 1836 until 2011, modern Greece was divided into nomoi (Greek: νομοί, singular νομός, nomos) which formed the country's main administrative units. Kanagawa, 15. Prefecture originally refers to a self-governing body or area since the tetrarchy, when Emperor Diocletian divided the Roman Empire into four districts (each divided into dioceses), grouped under a Vicarius (a number of Roman provinces, listed under that article), although he maintained two pretorian prefectures as an administrative level above the also surviving dioceses (a few of which were split). 39. Tokushima There are currently approximately 1000 local government organisations, including 45 prefectures and 18 … In 2003, Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi proposed that the government consolidate the current prefectures into about 10 regional states (so-called doshusei). the Tōkaidō east-coast region, and Saikaido west-coast region). In 1932, five complete districts with their 82 towns and villages were merged into Tokyo City and organized in 20 new wards. 27. In 1947, the department was dissolved, and Hokkaido became a full-fledged prefecture. 26. commune urbaine), and arrondissements in some metropolitan areas. [4] As of August 2012[update], this plan was abandoned. Local government, authority to determine and execute measures within a restricted area inside and smaller than a whole state. While almost every government since 1932 has accepted constitutional authority, the country has had 17 constitutions, the most recent drafted in 2007. Municipal elections in Greece are held every four years and voting for the election of prefects and mayors was carried out concurrently but with separate ballots. See also the English Wikipedia List of Japanese prefectures by population#Historical demography of prefectures of Japan for lists of prefectures since the late 1860s. 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