gufa newari culture

In Nepal Bhasa bahra means a 'cave' and teyegu or chuyegu mean 'to put', thus Bahra tayegu is the ceremony where Newar girls are put in a "cave" like scenario for 12 days. Bahra tayegu or bahra chuyegu (Nepal Bhasa: बराह तयेगु or बराह चुयेगु ) is a coming of age ritual in Newar community of Nepal in which girls between the ages of 7 to 13 are married to the sun god in a 12-day ceremony. This tradition has the significance of showing the changing life cycle of the girl from a child into an adolescent and is carried out with the belief that the Sun will protect the child from all evils of life as her husband would. Bahra tayegu is a second marriage of a … Well here is a list of 10 Newari Cultures that you may think you know but I bet you didn’t know well. Bahra ceremony marks the turning of girl to a fertile woman. This ritual shows the need to maintain a relationship with the nature and the significance of each family member in the life of girl child. Pikey Peak—New Trekking Trail to Add to Your List, A week long dance portraying the history – Kartik Nach. Main menu. A girl who dies during Gufa must be buried in the exact spot she died and the female members of the family must dig the earth out of the house to make this possible. In this ceremony, the girl is married to the sun. When they are of 9 to 13 years of age, this ceremony is held for them.Bahra Tayegu, simply put is a coming of age ceremony for the girls in both Buddhist and Hindu Newar communities. Relatives, relatives were accumulated and this service is performed. [1] For the first 11 days the girl is kept in a dark room away from sun light and any male contact. 1)Rice feeding ceremony It is sorted out in six or seven months of birth if the youngster is the kid. February 7, 2020, 8:22 am Well as a Newar myself I can say that even I don’t know all of the cultures that we follow. The first marriage is called “Ihi (Newari) or “Bel sanga bibaha” (Nepali). Finally the third, when they marry a real bridegroom. Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password. The blindfold is required to make sure that the girl sets her eyes upon the Sun before any other thing. It is believed that this marriage depicts the transition of a girl child into an adolescent and hence, must compulsorily be carried out before the girl starts to menstruate. The boys shave their head during this ritual. It is believed that for the 12 days the girl is possessed in some way by the bahra khayak and thus as homage the girls regularly conducts puja to the khayak. Each member has his/her own role to perform in order to successfully marry the girl off to the Sun God. Also from this day onward the girls has to put on a special facial called Kghwao (made of rice flour, roasted fenugreek flour, sandalwood and other herbs) to make her beautiful. 3.8k Views. To use social login you have to agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. Newari is one of an ethnic groups in Nepal. [6] In the Newar community the girls are married thrice; first to the never decaying bael fruit, second to the eternal sun and finally to a man. Bahra Tayegu or ‘Gufa rakhane’ or ‘Surya Darshan’ in Nepali is done when the girls are on verge of puberty. Gufa is a Newari tradition that equates to the marriage of a Newari young child to the Sun. Bel Vivaha and Gufa where a girl… Her “groom” is the sun, who is considered a god in Hindu religion. Switch to the light mode that's kinder on your eyes at day time. The lack of nutrition and the cold dark room usually becomes the reason for the girl child falling ill and in some cases, facing death. This is done to symbolize the purification of the girl before her marriage to the sun god on the 12th day. Generally accepted age is 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13 year old. Where to Find these Must-Try Newari Dishes? Street celebrations include pageants, jatras or processions in which a car or portable shrine is paraded through the streets and sacred masked dances. First introduced in the time of the Licchavis, the Newar caste system assumed its present shape during the medieval Malla period. The Newa are the indigenous people and the creators of the historical civilization of Nepal's kathmandu valley. The ceremony is conducted before the first menstruation. Gufa is a Newari tradition that equates to the marriage of a Newari young child to the Sun. Each family has its own method of carrying out this tradition but the significance remains the same to all Newari people; to ensure that their girl child has a beautiful life away from the evils of the world. Then she is dressed up in traditional wedding dress with red sari and heavy gold jewelry as if it were an actual wedding. This isn’t a child marriage but an ancient Newari tradition that marks the pre-puberty stage of a girl’s life. The daughters of Newar community are married thrice in their lives. In the wake of adoring Ganesh, … Continue reading "Interesting culture of Newar’s (of little age people)" After the 6th day her female relatives come to visit her with variety of food delicacies. They have beautifully preserved their unique culture and tradition throughout the centuries of the establishment of their community by recreating and repeating these rituals year after year. Gufa is a Newari tradition that equates to the marriage of a Newari young child to the Sun. Newari people are known for their rich culture, variant traditions, great food and good heart. Gufa is a Newari tradition that equates to the marriage of a Newari young child to the Sun. See more ideas about Nepal, Culture, Ethinic. Birth. […] Paved way without vehicles, best for pedestrian walk with cafe on side of the way giving european feel to the visitors. Here you'll find all collections you've created before. Newari Rituals Pre Natal. Newari Culture Newa People About NewarI peoplE . A girl is kept in a room for 12 days without seeing sunlight and not meeting any male person. The different divisions of Newars had different historical developments. One of the beautiful cultures of Nepal is Newari culture followed by Newar. During these days, “Bahra Khayak” is made and worshipped. She had her female relatives and friends for companionship. For the reason, as already explained in the ihi ceremony. People of different caste and religion live here. A Newari movie titled “Barasi” depicting the true life story of a girl’s death during Gufa can give you more insights into the negative aspect of this ritual. This act represents, once again, the warding off of evil spirits from the child’s body and is also a way of getting the blessings of people for the child. Many festivals are tied to Hindu and Buddhist holidays and the harvest cycle. Newari Culture and Traditions A world within itself. The family plays a very vital role during this ceremony of Surya Darshan on the 12th day. There are various rules that the girl must follow, such as not applying oil, during her stay in the room and it is only on the 6th day of Gufa that her female relatives can visit her with fruits. Gufa is one of the most important rituals in Newari culture as it reflects the maturity of the girl. Prajita Gupta It is believed that Kathmandu was blessed with rainfall when Rato Machhindranath was brought to Bungamati; when it was experiencing the worst drought in its history. The essence of Gufa, which is a Nepali word for a den, is the darkness of a room, where the girl carrying the ritual must reside for 12 days while avoiding the Sun and the male members of the family. The first is called Ehee (in Newari) and Bel Bibaha (in Nepali) when they marry the Bel fruit. Although very little is known about the history of development of the Newari culture and society, it is believed that Newars were Buddhist. The main reason is that there are simply too many of them. Her meals were served to her in the room. The Newari culture is a beautiful and complex part of Nepal. In a Newari culture too, almost every ritual is as same as in other communities. These marriage ceremonies are practiced by both Buddhist Newars and Hindu Newars. Newars generally, hail from Kathmandu and are rich in traditional values, customs, and literature. Prior to the Gorkha conquest of the valley, the three neighboring cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgaon were the capitals of autonomous Newar kingdoms. The language used by the Newar is called Nepal Bhasa, commonly known as Newari and has its own script and a rich literature. The first marriage is called “Ihi (Newari) or “Bel sanga bibaha” (Nepali). There are many pre natal rituals, however majority of those : pusawan kriya, simatopanayan, for example are no longer in existence. For 12 days, Riti was confined in a room without sunlight. Gai Jatra: Going by its name, it might seem to be a festival of cows but this actually is a festival where one person from each house that has suffered a loss that year takes part in a parade where they dress up in crazy costumes and drag a colorful cow behind them. The girl is veiled all the time during the ceremony and at the end she lifts her veil and looks at the reflection of the sun on water. The first marriage is called “Ihi (Newari) or “Bel sanga bibaha” (Nepali). Another thing you have surely heard is that a Newari girl is keeping her Gufa. Newari culture in Nepal Newari Culture in Nepal :- Nepal is a beautiful country with cultural diversification. The custom, called “gufa” or “bara teu” in Newari, takes place before a girl’s first menstruation. These marriage ceremonies are practiced by both Buddhist Newars and Hindu Newars. Among these, the Newari Community is one that cannot be missed as it is the largest and presumably the oldest one here in Kathmandu. One of the many rituals they follow is ‘Gufa’. Thereafter, the grandmother steps in to tie the Sun and the girl as husband and wife. If you’ve ever lived in Kathmandu, you have for sure been to a Newari Sukul Bhoj, which means a dinner/lunch on a mat instead of a table. Newar religious culture is rich in ceremony and is marked by frequent festivals throughout the year. The Newari girls also go through the Bara ceremony or also known as 'Gufa rakhne' as … Yomari Punhi. No matter how old or young they become, they still follow their tradition and pass them to their succeeding generations. [7], Coming of age ritual in Newar community of Nepal, "gufa...a Newar tradition..and some of my experiences", "Marrying the Sun God is a rite of passage for Nepal's girls", "Newar Traditions: A Ceremony Called Life", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bahra_ceremony&oldid=975882184, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 August 2020, at 23:04. Newari Culture Sunday, September 12, 2010. [4] For the first 5 days she is not allowed to clean herself or eat salted food. The main reason is that there are simply too many of them. Finally the third, when they marry a real bridegroom. [3] When the girl is chosen for the ceremony the priest is consulted for a suitable date and place for ceremony. The festival of Rato Machhindranath is the most important and the most exciting time of the year for the people residing here. Newars, who used to be almost the entire population of Kathmandu Valley before the invasion of the Shah dynasty in 1968, are inheritors of the rich history and culture. %privacy_policy%. These marriage ceremonies are conducted both… For … In the Newari community, girls marry a wood apple during their adolescence to shelter her if her husband dies as the wood apple is a symbol for Lord Kumar. When they get into human conjugal relationship its actually their marriage. The Newar caste structure resembles … Bahra tayegu or bahra chuyegu (Nepal Bhasa: बराह तयेगु or बराह चुयेगु ) is a coming of age ritual in Newar community of Nepal in which girls between the ages of 7 to 13 are married to the sun god in a 12-day ceremony. The room was exclusive to women, she was not allowed to see or touch men. The child is literally showered with Newari treats made out of wheat and chaku, a sweet, dark, concentrated extract of sugarcane, called yomari, plus til (sesame seed) and money, all of which is then donated to the needy. Bahra Tayegu or ‘Gufa rakhane ... It’s an age old Nepali culture and tradition that has continued till this day in Newar communities. They bring with them their blessings and other gifts for the girl child who just transitioned into an adolescent. When this seemingly strange Newar tradition known as gufa (cave) or barah (twelve) was known to the modern world, it created an uproar among human rights and women’s rights activists. It is likewise an extraordinary spot for experiencing sports like paragliding, caving, rock climbing, and hiking. [1] The completion of the 12 day ceremony is celebrated with a traditional party. On the 12th day the girls wakes up before the sunrise to take a complete bath. This ritual is known in Nepali as annaprasan or rice feeding (or jankoo in Newari). Newari Culture Sunday, September 12, 2010. There are many pre natal rituals, however majority of those : pusawan kriya, simatopanayan, for example are no longer in existence. Skip to secondary content. Though this culture is different in different families. Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting updates to your email inbox. The first is called Ehee (in Newari) and Bel Bibaha (in Nepali) when they marry the Bel fruit. [5] Finally in an elaborate ritual the priest weds the bride with the sun. It is believed that this marriage depicts the transition of a girl child into an adolescent and hence, must compulsorily be carried out before the girl starts to menstruate. But there are very good grounds for believing that the Newars were Buddhist in religion. These marriage ceremonies are conducted both… Ihi or Bel bibaha is a unique tradition in Nepal which portrays a distinct culture of Newar Community. Everything About Bosan Danda Aka White House – Kathmandu, Rising Cybercrime in Nepal – Reasons & Preventive Measures. When they get into human conjugal relationship its actually their marriage. [2] The final day is marked with a bhwe (a traditional party) and celebrations. But there is no need to go to the bride’s house for the groom. Why do Hindus in Nepal choose open-air cremation? The Sun, which lives on for eternity, protects the girl child from the bad people and omens after her marriage with the Sun. The girl is then entertained with folk songs and dances performed by her friends until the 12th day, which is the day she finally sees the Sun and is married to it. Reply. The ritual food, Samaybaji which consists of 9 dishes is offered to the sun god to show obedience. One of their unique traditional ritual is “Gufa”, when a girl of age between 12-14 years old has to stay in a dark room for twelve days before menstruation. Growing up in the Kathmandu valley, I have always been surrounded by a majority of friends coming from various backgrounds and ethnicities. Some traditions stem from ancient religious origins while some are specific to only one ethnic community. Even though I am not from the Newari Community, I chose to write about it because being a girl, I found it fascinating. And then they are married to the Sun which is called “Bara Tayegu” (Newari) or “Gufa Rakhne” (Nepali). Mostly held during the months of February and March, the Newari girl must endure the test of time by hiding away from the Sun until the 12th day, when the “Surya Darshan” or meeting with the Sun happens. The girl child’s father, mother, grandmother, aunt and marital uncle have the most important roles during the ceremony. Bahra is also known as surya bibaha or gufa rakhne in Nepali language. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. If the girl were to die during this 12 day ritual, the tradition has it that the body should not see the sun so they bury the body underground of the same house the girl dies. It is believed that the girl is protected by the sun from bad people and the evils after this ceremony. Gufa (Surya Darshan ) Invitaion This is the invitation card design of Surya Darshan. It is around the age of 12-14 that most girls must follow through with this ritual and the entire family considers this as a very auspicious occasion in the life cycle of the girl child. And the very first marriage is "Ihi" in Newari language or "Bel sang Bibaha" in Nepali language.The second one marriage is with the Sun which is called "Bara Tayegu" in Newari or "Gufa Rakhne" in Nepali. The parents give the girl a “sagoon”, an auspicious package of eggs, curd and other things. The second is the marriage with Sun which is called Tayegu (in Newari) or Gufa Rakhne (in Nepali). The bahra means gufa. Newari Rituals Pre Natal. Gufa is one of the most important rituals in Newari culture as it reflects the maturity of the girl. The Newar caste system is the system by which Newars, the historical inhabitants of Kathmandu Valley, are divided into groups on the basis of Vedic varna model and divided according to their hereditary occupations. Until the Gorkha conquest of the valley in 1769, all the people who had inhabited the valley at any point of time were either Newar or progenitors of Newar. In Nepal the historical research is still in its infancy and very little is known concerning the development of Newari culture and society. The Newari people are famous for their year-round festivities that take place on various occasions worshipping the numerous deities and depicting historical events. Even when a child is born, the name-givin… Also, since the Sun can never die, a Newari girl child who has completed her Gufa will never become a widow, even if her real-life husband passes away. by Normally Newar girls are married thrice in their lives. The girl’s forehead is colored with red sindoor, a sign of being married, and the marital uncle puts oil on her hair. The Sun, which lives on for eternity, protects the girl child from the bad people and omens after her marriage with the Sun. The second is the marriage with Sun which is called Tayegu (in Newari) or Gufa Rakhne (in Nepali). While originally 12 days is the length of the ritual, these days the girls are only required to stay in the Gufa for 6 days due to various reasons. Switch to the dark mode that's kinder on your eyes at night time. The first day of the ceremony starts with a usual puja conducted either by the eldest woman of the lineage or the priest. Quiz : How much do you know about Nepal . And then they are married to the Sun which is called “Bara Tayegu” (Newari) or “Gufa Rakhne” (Nepali). Feb 15, 2017 - Newari is ethinic culture of Nepal, who have their own language, culture and beliefs,, . Had Covid-19 not been prevalent, people from around the world would have visited Bandipur in Tanahun district, during the 'Visit Nepal 2020' campaign. Nepal, a beautifully intricate garden of over a hundred different ethnic groups, also naturally has countless numbers of unique traditions. The common identity of Newar was formed in the Kathmandu Valley. The Newari culture is perhaps one of the richest ones in stories, proceedings, and family ties – the most exquisite practices there prevail. A voodoo doll representing the bahra Khayak, the cave ghost, is prepared and put at one corner of the room. Posted on December 4, 2011 by Me. Search. Normally Newar girls are married thrice in their lives. Although this is due to the changing lifestyle of the people, where staying in the Gufa for 12 long days can hamper studies and work of the family members, the main reason for shortening the duration is due to the risks associated with it. Most parents, as well as the girl child, have a very hard time mentally and physically during this time if and when the child falls ill. Well as a Newar myself I can say that even I don’t know all of the cultures that we follow. How much Newari Culture do you know? How much Newari Culture do you know? Yet, in the event that the tyke is the young lady then this service is sorted out in 5 months. Bahra tayegu is a second marriage of a Newar girl, the first one being ihi;the marriage with the bael fruit. Along with the Namaste comes warm greeting to guests who are regarded as gods and are treated with great respect. Newari Culture About Newa people HistorY. That’s why many people prefer saying gufa to this rite. ।। सूर्य विवाह ।। : गुफा . While the grandmother worships Lord Ganesh and the Sun, the girl’s aunt is the one who brings her out of the darkroom after 12 days with a blindfold on. This party was traditionally arranged as a Sukul Bhoj, but these days it is arranged in a buffet style as it is more preferred by the majority of the guests. Skip to primary content . The Nepalese greet each other by joining two of their hands and slightly bowing down; this is called a Namaste. In the corner of the room was a handmade … Just another WordPress.com site. Nevertheless, Dhau baji nakegu (offering yogurt and flattened rice along with yomari, sweets etc) during pregnancy is still practiced by many castes. The custom, called “gufa” or “bara teu” in Newari, takes place before a girl’s first menstruation. It is a traditional ritual for a Newari girl to marry the Sun. Thus even in a case of untimely death of her husband the woman is never widowed preventing her from the tortures of the society. According to the Nepalese culture, life is a gift, and every person is to be considered as a god, so every event in life must be cherished. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. The family consults with a priest on when to have this ceremony for their daughter and the date is fixed accordingly. Their language, lifestyle, culture, tradition and the rituals are totally different from other ethnic groups. When they get into human conjugal relationship its actually their marriage. Well here is a list of 10 Newari Cultures that you may think you know but I bet you didn’t know well. Though trekking in Nepal is a major attraction for tourists, culture and traditional attractions are also strong attraction factors. Bandipur offers an opportunity to get a close look at Newari culture that reflects the refined civilization of the Kathmandu Valley. Home; About; Gallery; Post navigation ← Older posts. [1] Then the seclusion starts. After the ceremony is completed, the Sun and the girls are pronounced husband and wife for life and a great party is arranged in the Newari style, where relatives and friends are invited to celebrate the auspicious occasion. There is little to no medical assistance and the girl can at no cost be brought out of the room for treatment before the completion of the ritual. The head member of the family must separate a portion of the meal for the Bahra Khayak, or doll representing a ghost, every day as the girl is believed to be under the possession of evil at this time. It is a small country but the culture, tradition is present. These marriage ceremonies are conducted both among Buddhist Newars and Hindu Newars. The Nepalese tradition is a bright mix of its ethnicity and religion; every culture has its significance. 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